IF you embark on a certain activity, THEN you expect to get assured yield.
IF you succeed to seize that output, THEN you will experience positive outcomes.
IF you obtain those outcomes, THEN you will see the expected results.
To get the expected results from the evaluation, the IF and THEN statements must be logical and produce consistent answers. An IF and THEN logical statements that can be used to alter the current status of the Kansas City Public Schools would be: IF we pursue teacher reeducation, infrastructure improvement, curriculum reevaluation, parent participation, and children’s health and safety standard elevation, we will expect teacher performance to improve, parent involvement to increase, and student grades to go up so as to be in par with national level. IF the school administration grasps the outputs aforementioned statements, THEN there will be little misconceptions from opponents. IF the above outcomes materialize, THEN the desired outcomes will be realized such that all stakeholders will feel impressed by the impact of the changes being reaped by the targeted population in the restructured educational system. Parents whose perception of the school district has been negative in the past will be tempted to relocate to their old residences and start enrolling their children afresh. A logic model will serve the purpose it is intended. However, the school district administration must avoid using too large or too small levels of analysis as this may impede evaluator’s success in finding the right solution to the school district’s demise. It is vital not to lose the visual connections in the IF and THEN statements and also avoid failing to think the usefulness of the logic model.
The Kansas City Public Schools has an amalgamation of stakeholders having stake in the school district operations, management, and organization. Each stakeholder is driven by a special interest that requires particular attention by someone within the school district. Failure to provide attention to the needs of one stakeholder could result in a gridlock that may cause handicaps to a particular department or division. It is imperative school administrators, teachers, and state officials work in concert to ensure all problems are solved amicably.
Parents of the school children may be dissuaded from sending their kids to school if the schools infrastructure is poor, if there is shortage of teaching facilities, if teacher-student ratio is out of proportion, if teachers lack adequate training and know-how, if management is disorganized and lacking working ethics, and if the general atmosphere is replete with factors that are not conducive to educational facilitation.
administration has to know supplier concerns whose priorities are to increase
business ventures with school district. While customers dealing with the school
district focus on the nature of pricing and their rapport with school leaders,
regulators are concerned with whether there is some of degree of effectiveness
and observation of rules and regulations. As for the employees, their major
concern is job security. Kansas City
Utilization Analysis and Utilization Procedures
Narrowing data allows the researcher to focus on identifiable specific research objectives. In the case study criteria, researchers use the units of analysis which allow the evaluator to put attention to particular objectives rather than having the mind on various points of concern that may not bear fruit in the future when concluding the syudy. A broader look at the Kansas City Public Schools, using quantitative data collection method, we could draw facts and figures that would allow the evaluator to analyze the success and failures of the various groups being studied. Comparison could be made with other school districts so as to determine program success. By using qualitative evaluations, evaluators could realize critical results that could be eventually explained to complement findings.
Impact assessment, which is a pilot demonstration program that is commissioned at the stage of policy formulation, may be used to determine whether the intended effects can be achieved (Rossi et el., 2004). Impact assessment is noteworthy since it can be applied in the initial stages before experiencing broader coverage. Impact assessment is not only limited to projects getting off the ground but it can also be applied to ongoing programs. Key concepts in impact assessments include experimental and quasi-experimental research designs. There are broad variations between experimental and quasi-experimental designs. Evaluation of Kansas City Public Schools will include the use of various methods or strategies.
Program Process Evaluation and Monitoring
Understanding whether the program is reaching the target population and whether delivery of services is consistent program design specifications and appropriate standards are part of program process evaluation and monitoring. It is significant for the school district to note down the number of participants receiving services, whether those receiving services are part of the intended target, whether the services provided are adequate; whether there are participants, who are underrepresented, and whether the entire target population is aware of the program and the services rendered.
A research strategy that would fit when evaluating the Kansas City Public Schools would be the explanatory research. An explanatory research is concerned with explaining social phenomena. Theories can be constructed to predict future behavior or events. It is the fastest way to produce a snowballing stream of knowledge in a field or discipline. A qualitative explanatory research is akin to quantitative exploratory research (McNabb, 2008). By making, predictions investigators can build up theories that can be used to conceive measurable controls over perceived events. The problems that brought down the Kansas City Public Schools are clearly related to human actions. Mismanagement, embezzlement of funds, disconnect between various stakeholders, parents unwillingness to cooperate with the teachers, teacher tardiness and student absence, poor infrastructure, lack of credible teaching gear, and outside interference may be attributed to the collapse of the once prestigious school district that was the envy of many in the nation. Even though the school district has undergone formal changes, still, there is room for further investigations to expose the names of those who caused the district-wide misappropriation of funds.
Utilization Analysis and Proposed Methods
At the time of designing of an evaluation, it is crucial to review the interests and concerns of the various stakeholders. Prominent people having a stake in the program who deserve to be put into consideration before undertaking the evaluation include the policymakers, owners and employers, official government representatives, officials from funding agencies, managers and directors, parents and teachers, and local agencies and local leaders. The Kansas City Public Schools management has to work on a strategy that will elevate student performances. New teaching techniques need to be included in the curriculum. Careful considerations must be given to the subjects kids lack devotion, concentration, and interest. If the problem is with math or science, then, the introduction of new facilities and expert teachers could be an added advantage. Parents should be encouraged to work with the kids to overcome the burdens of homework. Teachers and children should be given incentives to boost their confidence.
Hill (1998) believes that modernizing institutions is the responsibility of decision makers since they are known to possess the vital instruments and technical know-how to spearhead new programs. Institutions experiencing modernization require efficient reform and rational adaptation, bounded morality, intelligence, and power. The Kansas City School Public Schools has a superintendent and a deputy whose day to day activities include monitoring school programs and ensuring there exist harmonious working between the various stakeholders. The school district has nine boards of governors who are elected to four-year terms and their main responsibilities include governance, monitoring how finances are spent, educational development and evaluation, appointing of the chief administrator who is the superintendent of the school district, and managing facilities. During program process monitoring, program managers are required to update sponsors and funders the major activities that have been undertaken, how the programs fair in terms of implementation, huddles encountered, and if there are any future expectations that can be learned. The governing board enjoys a higher degree of diversity hence board members seem to be racially proportional. Its chair is Airick L. West, a man who has been blamed for undermining the leadership of the previous superintendent, John Covington, who resigned hastily last year (Sulzberger, 2011). Leaders must shun undermining each other for political gains.
Monitoring Service Utilization
The term coverage implies the level or extent of participation of participants and whether the intended target has been achieved while bias refers to the unequal or disproportional participation of the various sub-groups. When one sub-group participates more than others, there will be bias in the evaluation. The fruits of the evaluation must apply to all regardless of race, creed, color, sex or gender, political and religious affiliation, and finally, national identity (Rossi et al., 2004). Since the
serves communities from
all parts of the world, it would be prudent to treat parents and their school
children equally without making any distinctions. Even school enrollment should
be thoroughly scrutinized to ensure every community enjoys equal
representation, equal attention, and equal service. Kansas City School District
The Kansas City Public Schools has many challenges ahead of it that will have to be tackled if the school district is to flourish in the academic world. The school district has to abide by the set down rules and regulations and ensure management is up to task and ready to work with all stakeholders. Factors that are dragging the school district away from the right path must be identified and rectified so that a repeat of past mistakes may be avoided for the present and for posterity. The program has to be monitored constantly without lapse and all wrongs occurring in the course of the processes set on a right path. Management and school district board have to work together so as to reach amicable solutions on their differences. Teachers must have rapport with parents so there can be an atmosphere of good working relations. There has to be accountability on how finances are spent. Management must set aside special days for stakeholders to present their concerns. A special ombudsman who will work with the superintendent and school board has to be employed to oversee problems that need special attention.
The school district decision makers did not do the right thing from the start to keep general school operations in line with the required standards, norms, and expectations and that is why loss of accreditation came to the fore. Lack of communication or miscommunication may be attributed to the protracted power jostling that engulfed top management. Management must work hard to bring overall school district functions into fruition. The conditions of school infrastructure has to be regulated, maintained, and given utmost attention.
Executive Summary of Evaluation
An evaluation of the Kansas City Public Schools discovered that there is great disconnect between management, teachers, parents, and state officials. The problem of losing accreditation-a problem that demanded scrutiny from the beginning-has long been neglected by state officials, school district administration, and teachers. Government officials failed to keep an eye on student falling grades, teacher retraining, and infrastructure renovation. All these problems required constant attention and that has not been the case. Millions of dollars have gone to waste due to lack of accountability and use of services that were inconsistent with modern school upkeep. It seems officials were interested in giving out contractual works to acquaintances and family members. The “do-it-your-own-way” attitude espoused by management resulted in departments deviating from school district guidelines. Other school districts’ refusal to admit students from the Kansas City Public Schools paved the way for many parents moving out of the district in search of better educational opportunities for their children.
If the school district is to expect student educational achievements to go up so that the district is in par with the rest of the nation, it would be relevant to introduce ground-breaking teaching methods. Little has been experienced so far regarding the effectiveness of the newly introduced services.
management did not take the right action to overcome the aggravating and
deteriorating school district conditions. Action was taken only when the court
decided to intervene and refer state officials for drastic actions. Raising
student scores in math and science and other subjects of concern should be
considered with keen interest and given attention. In order to realize
practical significance of program effects, there has to be a way of
continuously monitoring teacher performances in the class. Teachers who fail to
garner required test scores for their students must be retrained and provided
with the right teaching aids so they can catch up with the rest. If all fails,
any teacher found not improving student scores even after several trainings,
may suspended and shown the door. Kansas
City Public School
The evaluation methods used to understand changing trends being experienced by the Kansas City Public Schools have been summative and formative since the school district has been functioning before losing accreditation and that it is currently undergoing changes. The best way to keep in touch with staff and teachers is to educate them on the plan being executed, focus on the effects of local implications, and focus on the attention of the staff so that program goals can be met. When adopting the plan leader support must be support, implementation action team has to be established; implementation plan must be modified or developed; implementation changes must be monitored and small-scale changes implemented; then the implementation plan has to extended or changed for adoption; and finally institutionalization has to be adopted and accepted unanimously to avoid resistance. The political wrangling between the top leaders of the school district should not be used to undermine the smooth running of the various schools in the district.
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